Treatment with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells is shown to be effective in controlling hypertension and reducing the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the placenta, in this preeclampsia rat model.
Reprod Sci. 2016 Feb 17. pii: 1933719116630417.
Effect of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation in a Rat Model of Preeclampsia.
OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (HU-MSC) transplantation on reversing preeclampsia (PE) symptoms in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced rat PE model.
METHODS: Human umbilical cord MSCs were detected, isolated, and cultured. Human umbilical cord MSC transplantation was conducted. Expressions of inflammatory cytokines in serum and placental tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Changes in inflammatory cytokines, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), laminin receptor 1 (LR1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2, and MMP-9 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in placental tissue were recorded by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were performed for PPARγ detection.
RESULTS: The LPS group exhibited increased blood pressure and proteinuria and decreased fetal weight compared to the normal pregnancy (NP) group (all P < .05). The LPS + MSC group presented lowered blood pressure and higher fetal weight than the LPS group (P < .05). The levels of interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL) 1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) increased and the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 levels decreased in the LPS group compared to the NP group (all P < .05). Tumor necrosis factor α, IL-6, IL-12, and ICAM-1 levels decreased and IL-10 level increased in the LPS + MSC group compared to the LPS group (all P < .05). The LPS-MSC group showed lower mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-2, MMP-9, and ICAM-1 and higher mRNA expressions of IL-10, PPARγ, and LR1 than the LPS group (all P < .05).
CONCLUSION: In summary, HU-MSC transplantation may be extremely beneficial for PE therapy.
© The Author(s) 2016.