In this new 2016 study, rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) were treated with conditioned medium or secretome obtained from human CD34 umbilical cord stem cells. Locomotor function was improved; in particular, neurological deficits, cell death, extent of inflammation, oxidative stress and astrogliosis were attenuated.
These findings corroborate our results published in 2010 – a spinal cord injury patient reported decreases in neuropathic pain and ASIA scores, recovery of muscle, bowel and sexual function, following treatment with umbilical cord CD34 and stem cells.
Attenuating spinal cord injury by conditioned medium from human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) cells in rats.
Intravenous or intraspinal transplantation of human umbilical cord blood cells-derived CD34(+) cells (human CD34(+) cells) or mesenchymal stem cells after spinal cord injury (SCI) improved hind limb functional recovery in adult rats. The objective of this study is to ascertain whether SCI in rats can be attenuated by conditioned medium (CM) or secretome obtained from cultured human CD34(+) stem cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of the following five groups: the sham group, the SCI group treated with vehicle solution (SCI + V), the SCI group treated with CM (SCI + CM), the SCI group treated with 17β-estradiol E2 (10 μg; SCI + E2), and the SCI group treated with CM plus E2 (SCI + CM + E2). A 0.5-mL volume of CM or vehicle solution was administered intravenously immediately after SCI.
Compared with the sham group, the (SCI + V) group had significantly higher scores of neurological motor dysfunction as well as inflammation apoptosis, oxidative stress, and astrogliosis in the injured spinal cord. The neurological deficits, numbers of apoptotic cell, extent of inflammation, oxidative stress, and astrogliosis in the injured spinal cord were significantly attenuated by CM, E2, or CM plus E2, but not by the vehicle solution. In addition, the neuroprotective effect exerted by a combination of CM and E2 is superior to that exerted by CM- or E2-alone therapy.
The neuroprotective effects of CM from cultured human CD34(+) cells are similar to those of human CD34(+) cells and the CM was found to enhance the neuroprotective effects of E2 in rat SCI.
Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.